Posted July 23rd, 2012 by Olga Kirnos with Comments Off on SPF

Sun Protection Factor- 


The FDA just mandated all sunscreen must have full spectrum protection UVA/UVB. The high SPF is only good for the UVB allowing the silent killer UVA to damage our skin causing MELANOMA. Effective UVA block is Avobenzone and Oxybenzone.

Products on the Market today proclaiming not to have this ingredient or that ingredient will not pass the test. Government agencies dictates what sunscreen ingredients can be used to be in compliant with the law.

Those without UVA AND UVB protection will need to post warning on their product, such as “Skin cancer alert; Spending time in the sun increases your risk of skin cancer and early skin aging. This product has been shown only to prevent sunburn, not skin cancer or early skin aging.”


FDA’s Final Regulations:
The final regulations, which became effective June 18, 2012, establish a standard test for over-the-counter (sold without a prescription) sunscreen products that will determine which products are allowed to be labeled as “Broad Spectrum.” However, to avert a shortage of sunscreen in the upcoming months, the FDA has extended the compliance dates for testing and labeling until Dec. 17, 2012 for most over-the-counter sunscreen products. This decision followed a review of timelines and other data submitted by trade associations representing sunscreen manufacturers. Products that pass the broad spectrum test will provide protection against both ultraviolet B radiation (UVB) and ultraviolet A radiation (UVA). Sunburn is primarily caused by UVB. Both UVB and UVA can cause sunburn, skin cancer, and premature skin aging. A certain percentage of a broad spectrum product’s total protection is against UVA.

Under the new regulations, sunscreen products that protect against all types of sun-induced skin damage will be labeled “Broad Spectrum” and “SPF 15” (or higher) on the front. The new labeling will also tell consumers on the back of the product that sunscreens labeled as both “Broad Spectrum” and “SPF 15” (or higher) provides the following claims:

• helps prevent sunburn

• If used as directed with other sun protection measures, this product reduces the risk of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun.


It is well known that UV light can produce free radicals in the surface of the skin and that this leads to the damage associated with excessive exposure to sunlight, most often observed as redness or sunburn. The skin produces natural barriers that absorb the UV light to protect against damage. The interaction of solar UV with these natural barriers can produce free radicals.

The application of a sunscreen supplements the natural UV absorbers and protects against free radical formation and the associated damage that can occur. Even if sunscreens were to form free radicals, this would occur on the surface of the skin and would not affect the underlying structures.

Every sunscreen is tested in an SPF test to establish the level of protection provided by the product. These tests confirm that the level of damage in sunscreen-protected skin is well below what occurs in the absence of sunscreen application since there is no ‘redness’ produced. Moreover, even with doses of UV light, which do produce free radicals and redness, the presence of sunscreens blocks such reactions.

**Two recommanded websites for ingredient information:

– Cosmetic Ingredient Review Board. The CIRB was established in 1976 with the support of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Consumer Federation of America:  www.cir-safety.org

– Personal Care Products Council, PCPC is the leading national trade association for the cosmetic and personal care products industrywww.personalcarecouncil.org

Posted in Health & Wellness Product Knowledge
Tags Avobenzone Broad Spectrum CIRB Free Radicals Melanoma Oxybenzone PCPC Product Labeling Skin Damage SPF Sun Burn Sun Protection Sun Protection Factor Sunscreen UV light UV Rays UVA UVB
Written by Olga Kirnos

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